A sad day in CSA History – April 9th

A sad day in CSA History – April 9th (1865):

1862

The yankee empire continues its western expansion and its attempted annihilation of the local inhabitants in a skirmish with Indians at Owen’s River, CA.

The bluebellies evacuate Jacksonville, FL.

Skirmish on Hoyle’s Run, in the vicinity of Quincy and another at Jackson, MO.

Locals monitor the start of three day Federal reconnaissance in front of Yorktown, VA.

The Senate of the Confederate States of America today took up the subject of conscription, the involuntary induction of men into military service. Philosophically this was a tremendous struggle. The draft was unquestionably needed in order to raise manpower for the army. However, the preservation of individual liberties had been one of the most important reasons given for many states to leave the Union. The draft would eventually be passed.

1863

Skirmish along the White River, AR.

Locals encounter the start of thirty-five day yankee operation in the western Louisiana.

Skirmish near Sedalia, MO.

Skirmish at Blount’s Creek, NC.

Skirmish at Franklin and another along the Obion River, at Antioch Station, TN.

Skirmish at Gloucester Point, VA.

1864

Skirmish at Prairier D’Ane, AR.

Engagement at Pleasant Hill, Louisiana. Lt. General Richard Taylor (CSA) effectively halted yankee General Nathaniel Banks’ Red River Campaign.

1865

Locals encounter the start of a ten day yankee operation from Blakeley to Claiborne AL, with a skirmish near Mount Pleasant, AL.

The surrender of Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to yankee military high command at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. For more than a week, Rebel forces had tried to outrun the pursuing yankees to the west of Richmond and Petersburg. After a ten-month siege of the two cities, the numerically superior yankee forces broke through the defenses and forced the Confederates to retreat. The Rebels moved along the Appomattox River, with the yankee devil & plunderer of the Shenandoah Valley Phil Sheridan shadowing them to the south. General Lee’s army had little food, which caused desertions in large numbers on the retreat due to illness & starvation as well as an overall concern for the welfare of unprotected loved ones & family members back home. When General Lee arrived at Appomattox, he found that his path was blocked. He had no choice but to request a meeting with the bluebelly scoundrel, Grant.

They met at a house in Appomattox at 2:00 p.m. on the afternoon of April 9. General Lee was resplendent in his dress uniform and a fine sword at his side. Grant arrived wearing a simple soldier’s coat that was muddy from his long ride. The generals spoke of their service in the Mexican War, and then set about the business at hand. Grant offered generous terms. Officers could keep their side arms, and all men would be immediately released to return home. Any officers and enlisted men who owned horses could take them home, Grant said, to help put crops in the field and carry their families through the next winter. These terms, said Lee, would have “the best possible effect upon the men,” and “will do much toward conciliating our people.” The papers were signed and Lee prepared to return to his men.

In one of the great ironies of the war, the surrender took place in the parlor of Wilmer McClean’s home. McClean had once lived along the banks of Bull Run, the site of the first major battle of the war in July 1861. Seeking refuge from the fighting, McClean decided to move out of the Washington-Richmond corridor to try to avoid the fighting that would surely take place there. He moved to Appomattox Court House only to see the war end in his home.

Due to the fact that there were still Confederate armies in the field, the surrender of Robert E Lee signaled only that the Army of Northern Virginia was surrendered as that Army was the only one that he was in command of. Other Confederate Commanding officers surrendered their troops later at various times to their yankee counterparts upon hearing the news of Lee’s surrender. Yet others refused to surrender along with their men. Among those who never surrendered was the Confederate President Jefferson Davis who was later captured & imprisoned as a common criminal by his captors though never charged or found guilty of a crime in a court of law under the jurisdiction of the United States government. (To this day, Confederates all over the country do not recognize the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by General Robert E. Lee after four years of war in 1865 to have been the surrender of the whole of the Confederate Army or the definitive surrender of the Government of the Confederate States of America to the yankee empire based in Washington D.C. {District of Criminals} after its Constitutional formation on February 22, 1862). Four years of bloodshed had left a devastating mark on the country: 360,000 yankee and 260,000 Confederate soldiers were killed in the War of Northern Aggression otherwise known as the War for Southern Independence.

Communications:

APRIL 9, 1865

General R. E. LEE:

GENERAL: Your note of yesterday is received. I have no authority to treat on the subject of peace; the meeting proposed for 10 a.m. to-day could lead to no good. I will state, however, general, that I am equally anxious for peace with yourself, and the whole North entertains the same feeling. The terms upon which peace can be had are well understood. By the South laying down their arms they will hasten that most desirable event, save thousands of human lives, and hundreds of millions of property not yet destroyed. Seriously hoping that all our difficulties may be set-tied without the loss of another life, I subscribe myself, &c.,

U.S. GRANT,
Lieutenant-General.
……………………………….
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
APRIL 9, 1865

Lieut. Gen. U.S. GRANT:

GENERAL: I received your note of this morning on the picket-line, whither I had come to meet you and ascertain definitely what terms were embraced in your proposal of yesterday with reference to the surrender of this army. I now ask an interview in accordance with the offer contained in your letter of yesterday for that purpose.

R. E. LEE,
General.
………………………………..
APPOMATTOX COURT-HOUSE, VA.
April 9, 1865

General R. E. LEE:

GENERAL: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th instant, I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer to be designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged; and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery, and public property to be parked and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to his home, not to be disturbed by U. S. authority so long as they observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside.

U.S. GRANT,
Lieutenant-General.
………………………….
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
April 9, 1865

Lieut. Gen. U. S. GRANT:
……………………..
GENERAL: I have received your letter of this date containing the terms of surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia as proposed by you. As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th instant, they are accepted. I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect.

R. E. LEE,
General

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