Battle of Murfreesboro
July 13, 1862
9th Michigan, 3rd Minn., 4th Kentucky Cavalry, 7th Pa. Cavalry, 1st Kentucky Battery.
Union – 33 killed, 62 wounded, 800 missing
Confederacy – 50 killed, 100 wounded
The Battle of Murfreesboro was fought in Rutherford County, Tennessee. By July, the Confederate Army, under command of Brig. Gen. Nathan Forrest and Col. John Hunt Morgan, were raiding into middle Tenn. and Kentucky. The most dramatic of these raids was Forrest’s capture of the Union’s Murfreesboro Garrison July 13, 1862.
Forrest had left Chattanooga on July 9th with 2 cavalry regiments and joined others on the way, bringing the total force to 1,400 men. The major objective was to strike Murfreesboro, an important Union supply center, at dawn on the 13th of July. The Murfreesboro Garrison was camped in three locations around town, including detachments from 4 units comprised of infantry, cavalry, and artillery.
Between 4:15 am and 4:30 am Forrest’s cavalry surprised the Union pickets on the Woodbury Pike, east of Murfreesboro, and quickly overran a Federal hospital and the camp of the 9th Pa. Cavalry Regiment. Additional Rebel troops attacked the camps of the other Union commands along with the jail and the courthouse. By late afternoon, all Union units had surrendered. The Confederates destroyed most of the Union supplies and tore up railroad track in the area. This raid, along with Morgan’s raid into Kentucky, made possible Bragg’s concentration of forces at Chattanooga and his early September invasion of Kentucky.